CLINICAL NEUROLOGY

About this course

Neurology is the branch of medicine that focuses on the study, diagnosis, and management of conditions affecting the nervous system. These include cerebrovascular conditions such as stroke and transient ischemic attacks, seizures and epilepsy, inherited and acquired neuromuscular diseases, central nervous system infections and tumors, disorders of balance, and — last but not least — headaches.

For optimal comprehension, the student needs to be familiar with the anatomy of the central and peripheral nervous system, focusing on the individual functions of each structure; basic physiology of the nervous system, with especial emphasis on the basics of membrane potentials, receptors, neurotransmitters, and the neuromuscular junction; patterns of inheritance; and, most importantly, how to conduct a thorough neurological examination.

Neurological conditions tend to manifest as characteristic sets of signs and symptoms that can be attributed to the dysfunction of individual or multiple structures. Neurological disorders represent an important portion of the burden of disease worldwide, and its manifestations—ranging from behavioral changes to the inability to move at will—can be severely distressing to the patient and their loved ones.

A competent physician must be aware of the most prevalent neurological conditions in his or her area while being able to detect signs and symptoms attributed to neurologic deficit.

4Clinical-Neurology

Content

Speaker

Carlo Raj, MD

Dr. Carlo Raj is a Physician and Lecturer at Becker’s Healthcare, in Illinois, USA, and the CEO and founder of Indus Intellect Virtual MedEd, a medical education consulting company.
He obtained his MD from Medical University of the Americas (MUA) and is an international lecturer and public speaker.

Video lectures

01. Stroke (Cerebrovascular Accident)

  • Stroke Introduction
  •  Ischemic Stroke
  • Ischemic Stroke Characteristics
  • Embolism
  • Ischemic Stroke Syndromes
  • Acute Stroke Evaluation and Workup
  • Ischemic Stroke Treatment
  • Hemorrhagic Stroke

02. Cerebral Aneurysm (Intracranial Aneurysm)

  • Cerebral Aneurysm Introduction
  • Cerebral Aneurysm Management of Patient
  • Aneurysm Treatment

03. Increased Intracranial Pressure (ICP)

  • Increased Intracranial Pressure Introduction
  • Brain Herniation

04. Trauma

  • Trauma Introduction
  • Epidural Hematoma (Extradural Haematoma)

05. Spinal Cord Pathology

  • Spinal Cord Pathology Introduction
  • Anterior Spinal Artery Syndrome

06. Headache

  • Headache Introduction
  • Acute Headache Meningitis and Temporal Arteritis
  • Acute Headache Hypertensive Urgency and Cluster Headache (Horton’s Syndrome)
  • Acute Headaches Venous Sinus Thrombosis
  • Sub-Acute Headache, Chronic Headache and Migraine
  • Pseudotumor Cerebri
  • Brain Tumor and Tension Headaches
  • Chronic Daily Headache and Imaging

07. Seizures

  • Seizures Introduction
  • Seizures Types
  • Epilepsy and Febrile Seizures
  • Evaluation of the First Non-Febrile Seizure and Childhood Epilepsy
  • Benign Rolandic Epilepsy (BCECTS)
  • Antiepileptic Drugs
  • Epilepsy and Pregnancy

08. CNS Infection—Clinical Neurology

  • CNS Infections Introduction
  • Acute Meningitis
  • Acute Bacterial Meningitis Predisposing Factor Age
  • Acute Bacterial Meningitis Predisposing Factor Head Trauma
  • Acute Viral Meningitis
  • Tuberculous Meningitis
  • Chemical Meningitis, Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis, Neurosyphilis, Lyme Disease
  • Fungal, Cryptococcus and Parasitic Meningoencephalitis
  • Cerebral Toxoplasmosis and Neurocysticercosis
  • Brain Abscess and Encephalitis
  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis HSV-1 and HSV-2
  • HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
  • Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (Prion Disease) and Subacute Spongiform Encephalopathy (Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease)

09. Multiple Sclerosis

  • Multiple Sclerosis Introduction
  • Mutiple Sclerosis Clinical Features, Epidemiology, Pathology, Location of Lesions
  • Multiple Sclerosis Diagnose and Treatment
  • Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis, Transverse Myelitis and Central Pontine Myelinolysis

10. Dementia

  • Dementia Introduction
  • Alzheimer’s Disease (Senile Dementia)
  • Alzheimer’s Disease Pathology and Treatment
  • Types of Dementia

11. Mononeuropathy

  • Mononeuropathy Introduction
  • Median Nerve
  • Ulnar Nerve
  • Femoral Nerve

12. Polyneuropathy

  • Polyneuropathy Introduction
  • Multifocal Motor Neuropathies and Diabetic Neuropathy
  • Hereditary, Toxic and Infectious Neuropathy
  • Entrapment, Compressive and Peripheral Neuropathy
  • Neuromuscular Junction and Myasthenia Gravis
  • Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome (LEMS) and Botulinum Toxin
  • Myopathy Junction and Dystrophinopathies
  • Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophies and Channelopathies
  • Mitochondrial, Inflammatory, Endocrine and Drug Induced Myopathies

13. Tumors of the CNS

  • Tumors of the CNS Introduction
  • Neuroepithelial Tumors Astrocytoma
  • Neuroepithelial Tumors Fibrillary Astrocytoma
  • Neuroepithelial Tumors Oligodendroglioma
  • Neuroepithelial Tumors Medulloblastoma
  • Meningeal Tumors Meningioma
  • Primary CNS Lymphoma

14. Movement Disorders

  • Movement Disorders Introduction
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy, Corticobasal Degeneration and Multiple System Atrophy
  • Huntington’s Disease (Huntington’s Chorea)
  • Wilson’s Disease (Hepatolenticular Degeneration)

15. Altered Mental Status and Coma

  • Altered Mental Status and Coma Introduction
  • Coma and Brainstem Reflexes
  • Brain Death, Decorticate Posturing, Persistent Vegetative State and Locked-In Syndrome

16. Vertigo and Dizziness

  • Vertigo Introduction
  • Dix-Hallpike & Epley Maneuver Test
  • Syncope

17. Sleep

  • Sleep Stages
  • Sleep Disorders (Dyssomnias)

18. Pediatric Neuropathology

  • Embryogenesis
  • Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Autism
  • Development Regression, Neurocutaneous Disorders and Tuberous Sclerosis
  • Neurofibromatosis, Hypotonia and Childhood Neurodegenerative Disorders

19. Other Diseases Hydrocephalus, Neuromuscular Disease, Plexopathy and Mononeuritis

  • Hydrocephalus (Water on the Brain)
  • Neuromuscular Disease
  • Plexopathy
  • Mononeuropathy