About this course

Rheumatology is the branch of medicine that focuses on the study of rheumatic diseases—immune-mediated conditions affecting the joints, ligaments, and muscles. Rheumatic diseases are characterized by soft-tissue inflammation and include immune-mediated and non-immune–mediated arthritis, seronegative spondyloarthropathies, systemic diseases with rheumatic manifestations such as lupus and vasculitides, and muscular pathologies such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy and myasthenia gravis.

For optimal comprehension, the student should have a thorough understanding of the physiology of the immune system, particularly the mechanisms of humoral and cell-mediated immune responses. Moreover, basic knowledge of the histological classification of tissues is desirable.

Although not as common as other diseases, rheumatic disorders are considered important clinical entities because affected individuals require specialized care and follow-up. Pharmacological treatments constitute an active research area in this field.

A competent general physician and nurse should have a good understanding of the pathophysiologies of these disorders and an acute eye to identify clinical manifestations, especially in the pediatric population. Prompt recognition, timely referral, and initiation of integral care can improve outcomes in affected individuals and enhance their overall quality of life.




Carlo Raj, MD

Dr. Carlo Raj is a Physician and Lecturer at Becker’s Healthcare, in Illinois, USA, and the CEO and founder of Indus Intellect Virtual MedEd, a medical education consulting company.
He obtained his MD from Medical University of the Americas (MUA) and is an international lecturer and public speaker.

Video lectures


  • ANCA-associated Small Vessel Vasculitides
  • Approach to Rheum Labs- Anti-nuclear Antibody Speciation
  • Calcium Pyrophosphate Deposition Disease
  • Crystalline Arthropathies- Gout _ Pseudogout
  • Duchenne vs. Becker Muscular Dystrophy
  • Dystrophin-associated Protein Complex
  • Fibroblast, Muscle Tissue & Synovial Cell Sarcoma
  • Further Rheum Labs
  • Inflammatory Myopathies, Polymyositis & Dermatomyositis
  • Introduction to Soft Tissue Pathology- Tumors in Lipid Tissue
  • Large Vessel Vasculitides- Takayasu
  • Limited vs. Diffuse Scleroderma
  • Medium Vessel Vasculitides- Polyarteritis Nodosa
  • Myasthenia Gravis- Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome
  • Myotonic Dystrophy- Ion Channel Myopathy
  • Non-ANCA-associated Small Vessel Vasculitides
  • Osteoarthritis (OA)- Pathogenesis
  • Primary vs. Specific Amyloidosis
  • Reactive vs. Psoriatic Arthritis
  • Rheumatic Diseases- Osteoarthritis (OA)
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)- Pathogenesis
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)- Signs and Symptoms
  • Rheumatology- Overview
  • Septic Arthritis
  • Seronegative Spondyloarthropathies & Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Sjögren’s Syndrome
  • Systematic Lupus Erythematosus
  • The Neuromuscular Junction
  • Tophaceous Gout
  • Vasculitis- Introduction